Wool Coat Grooming Guide

What to expect from your visit and how to maintain at home

Wool coated breeds are very popular for many dog owners thanks to their soft texture and endless styling opportunities. However, due to the nature of the coat it requires a large amount of grooming and maintenance to keep the coat in good condition and free of matts.

In this blog we tell you all you need to know about wool coat grooming so that you know what to expect from your visit to The Pet Retreat and to help keep your pet’s coat in check at home.


What is a wool coat?

Also known as a ‘Poodle’ coat, the wool coat is very thick, curly and has lots of volume, with a cotton wool like texture. A wool coat can grow quickly and will have continuous growth throughout the year. It is one of the hardest coats to maintain and requires daily grooming to avoid matts.

This is a functional coat type, and the poodle has a wool coat because they were originally water dogs, and the thick coat would protect them from the cold water. Also, the curly coat helps them to be more buoyant and helps the water bead off more easily.

What breeds have a wool coat?

Breeds with this coat include:

  • Bichon Frise
  • Poodle
  • Cockapoo
  • Labradoodle
  • Other poodle cross breeds

Benefits and drawbacks of a wool coat

A dog’s coat type can have a large effect on their suitability for you as an owner, so it is important you understand the benefits and negatives of a wool coat. Remember, we’re owned and run by vets here at The Pet Retreat, so we know a thing or two about this kind of thing.


A wool coat is considered to be somewhat hypoallergenic thanks to its soft texture, non-shedding nature and lack of moulting. This makes it a popular choice for anyone who commonly suffers from pet and dog allergies.

Difficult to maintain

The wool coat is one of the hardest to maintain, as it is prone to matting. As it is also continuously growing, you will also need to take your dog for regular appointments at the groomer to trim the coat. Professional grooming is highly recommended for dogs with a wool coat

Great to look at and feel

A wool coat is very attractive and can be styled by a professional groomer to make your dog look even smarter. Their coat is also soft to the touch, which is never a bad thing!


If you leave your dog’s coat unclipped in the winter, their thick, dense fur will always keep them warm. On the other hand, in the summer months, things can get too warm. Your dog can quickly tire on long walks and it can lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

About wool coat grooming

To do wool grooming the correct way, you’ll want regular visits to the groomers backed up by a solid and consistent home grooming routine. Here’s what you can expect on your visit to The Pet Retreat:


The groomer will use a shampoo with no added conditioners as this would weigh the coat down and makes it more difficult to scissor or clip. The shampoo is massaged into your dog’s coat, creating a lather over all parts of the body. Particular areas of attention include under the front legs, around the back of the ears, back legs and groin, and along the stomach.


Your groomer will use the line brushing method, which ensures they get right down to the base of the coat. This involves lifting the bottom of the coat up so that the groomer can see the base of the coat.

They’ll brush from the skin, to the end of the hair removing any mats before moving on to the next section. The groomer will focus on the feet first, moving up the legs, before moving on to the body.

Finally, they will go through the coat with a fine-tooth comb to remove any remaining small knots


The cutting of a wool dog’s coat can be done in a number of ways to suit your dog’s lifestyle and personality, as well as your requirements as the owner.

If you spend a lot of time outdoors with your dog, walking through undergrowth, they’ll be susceptible to picking up debris. It might be most sensible to clip your dog’s hair quite short to avoid unwelcome matts and tangles. If you like to show off your dog’s magnificent coat, you might want to leave their fur a little longer.

There are a number of styles available for your wool coated dog so speak to your groomer to decide which is best for your dog.

Other maintenance

The groomer will also conduct a number of important body checks during your appointment, as outlined below:

  • Feet – we will check the nails and condition of pads, clearing dirt from between the claws. We can also offer pawdicures to help maintain their foot and nail health.
  • Lumps and bumps – when we groom your pet, the groomer will be vigilant for any lumps or bumps within their fur or skin issues
  • Teeth – checking the teeth and gums for tartar or inflammation
  • Ears – overhanging ears will be folded back and checked for wax. Wool coated breeds such as Poodles can be prone to ear infections. This is because they do not shed and hair can grow and become trapped in the ear. Your groomer will pay particular attention to the ears to help avoid ear infections.
  • Eyes – the groomer will check the eyes and clean out any sticky deposits using warm water on a cotton pad.

Finishing touches

Bands and clips can be useful for keeping hair out of your dog’s eyes, and will also help your dog to feel cooler on hot days. Upon your visit to the Pet Retreat we’ll also finish most grooms with some shining spray and doggy cologne.

What is required to maintain a wool coat at home?

We recommend visiting The Pet Retreat every 6 weeks with a wool coated dog. In the meantime, you’ll also need to maintain a strict home grooming regime to keep your dog’s hair mat free and healthy.

We recommend you buy a curved slicker and a pin brush for everyday grooming – choose a soft slicker for puppies or dogs with finer wool coats or firm for very thick and matted coats. The slicker brush will not hurt your dog as long as you don’t brush too hard or stay on one spot for too long.

Matt splitters or dematting combs may be required to help remove mats if they have occurred, but we advise you to consult your groomer before using these tools.

Latex bands and clips are really useful to help keep hair out of the eyes.

We recommend using Groomers Performance Intense Detangle Spray just before brushing. This will help you to keep the knots away and help you to brush them out.

As described earlier, it is very important that you get right to the base of the coat when grooming your wool coat dog. If the coat is very long you could use a hairdryer to help move the hair so you can see the base of the coat and where you need to brush. The video below provides a step-by-step guide on how to brush your wool coat dog.

How Do You Groom Other Types of Dog Coats?

We have grooming guides available to suit each type of dog fur. This ensures you can take care of your pets’ needs from the comfort of your own home. Here are some brief guides to coats different to wool:

Wiry Coat

A wiry coat is usually thick and bristly. You need to follow a strict grooming routine at home. The grooming method used for wiry coats is called hand stripping. This starts with finding out the growth cycle of your dog’s hair, described in our wiry coat grooming guide

Combination Coat

Combination coats have many textures within them that need different types of brushes and combs to maintain it. Examples of dogs with combination coats are Border Collies, Cocker Spaniels and Golden Retrievers. We discuss this more with our combination cat grooming guide

Long Coat

Long haired dogs are more likely to become dirty more often due to their fur reaching the floor. A consistent grooming routine ensures your dog stays clean and happy. Our long coat guide provides information on maintaining their coat at home. 

Double Coat

Double coat dogs shed a lot of hair compared to other breeds. This means you will need more frequent professional grooming sessions. It is essential to also maintain your dog’s coat at home. You can find out more information on double coats in our in depth guide.  

Smooth Coat

Smooth coats are one of the easiest to maintain as they are less likely to become tangled. It is easier to check for ticks and other pests as it is not covered by thick layers of fur. Check out our full smooth coat guide to help your day stay healthy throughout the year. 

Book a Wool Coat Appointment

At The Pet Retreat, we set the standard in providing the highest quality care, tailored to your dog’s needs. We take the time to get to know your dog and help them feel comfortable while we pamper them. Book your free consultation today so we can find the best solution for your pet.